Chitin and chitosan are biodegradable polymers that are extracted from the shells of crustaceans such as shrimps, shellfishes, crabs and lobsters. These seafood wastes are usually discarded unfortunately, but instead they should be collected from food companies and households because they have numerous benefits otherwise.
Application areas of chitin and chitosan are in:
- Pharmaceuticals (treats obesity, high cholesterol, Crohn’s disease, anemia, insomnia)
- Food industry (food additive)
- Wastewater treatment
- Soil conditioners